Guide to Wildlife Identification
(Odocoileus hemionus hemionus)
Other similar species: Columbia black-tailed deer;
Sitka black-tailed deer
- 3 ft. (90 cm) tall
- Bucks (males) weigh
up to 405 lb. (205 kg); does (females) up to160 lb. (70 kg).
in North America:
deer and the two black-tailed deer species are subspecies of the
same species, Odocoileus hemionus. They are mainly separated
by geography, size, to some extent color and behavior.
front: 2 1/2" x 3"
hind: 2 1/4" x 2 3/4"
- Lives in a wide variety
of habitats such as coniferous forests, desert shrubland, grassland
with shrubs and the mixed boreal forests of the north.
- Favors openings in these
areas, browsing on shrubs and twigs (and grass and herbs at times).
- In summer they tend to
migrate to higher elevations and move to lower elevations with less
snowfall in the winter.
- Winter range is often shared
with elk, white-tailed deer and domestic cattle.
- Largest of the three native
deer species (mule, black-tailed, white-tailed).
- Antlers grow in forked pairs
(unlike white-tailed deer antler which has one main beam with unbranched
- White rump patch with narrow,
- Very large ears (where
it gets its name).
- Light face and muzzle with
- When startled, will run
with high, stiff-legged bounce.
- May stop to look back when
running for cover.
More information on this species
Be sure to
check local regulations for hunting or trapping information on this species.